PAMLA Nov 10−12, 2017  in Honolulu, Hawaii

*シャミナーデ大学で行われたPAMLA学会で「アメリカ文学1865年以前」のパネルの司会をしました。

パネリストは water, ocean, mobilityのいずれかをテーマにした発表を行った。第1発表者のメーガン・バーンズ氏はジェイムズ・フェニモア・クーパーの『モヒカン族の最後』においてこれまで見逃されていたハドソン川とカリブ海地域との関連を述べました。大西洋へと流れるハドソン川に注目することで、マンロー将軍の娘コーラを通したカリヴ海地域とアメリカとのむすび付き及び、結末におけるハドソン川での登場人物たちの終焉を見ることで、川、海を通して同質化しようとする動きを見ることができることを指摘した。第2発表者の貞廣真紀氏は、アメリカを島と捉え、イギリスに変わる海洋国家として再定義する。ノース・アメリカン・レビュー紙の記事、Alfred Mahanら著作を参考にアメリカの海洋力を整理し、南北戦争を国際戦争と捉え直しす時、南北の対立は英米の対立ともずらすことができるとする。この文脈で見る時、ホイットマンの「インドへの道」で言及される鉄道、海洋ケーブルは、ホイットマンが海洋進出を肯定的捉えたものであることを指摘した。第3発表者のポール・ライアン氏は、19世紀初頭の太平洋の島々の人々による記録、記述を見ることで、グローバライゼイションの原型を見ようとする。非白人たちによるインターナショナルな場が作られ、それらは同質化へと向かうことを示した。第4発表者のチャド・ラック氏は、メルヴィルの『信用詐欺師』におけるチャイナ・アスターの逸話の高利貸しのレトリックに注目する。お金のイメージ、とりわけ使い切られたコインで表面が読みにくくなったものを、デリダのレトリックから起源の消去と結びつけ、そうした運動性に注目する。新しいものー古いものの対比は、利益と損失と結びつき、それによりメルヴィルが当時のトランセンデンタリストたちの一面性を批判しているとする。また、資本 (capital)は比喩としての頭(head)と結び付け、金銭と肉体を結びつける表現にも注目できるとした。

 4氏の発表は19世紀中頃から変化するアメリカを海洋を含む動きに注目して捉え、アメリカを島嶼から見る視点に新たな面での考察が必要である刺激を受けるものであった。

American Literature before 1865 

Session Chair: 
Mikayo Sakuma, Wayo Women's University
Time: 
Session 6: Saturday 10 – 11:30 am
Location: 
Henry 207

Presenters/Papers:

  1. Megan Barnes, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles
    This paper boldly resituates James Fenimore Cooper's 1826 novel, The Last of the Mohicans, away from its deeply Americanized roots and into a larger conversation of Caribbean literature as Cooper utilizes the violent and economic involvement in the Caribbean sugar and slaves trades. Through his attention on waterspaces in the novel, one of Cooper's most frontier works in the American canon transforms into an extremely oceanic and transatlantic text. 
  2. Maki Sadahiro, Meijigakuin University
    This paper analyzes Walt Whitman's sea images to historicize his nautical imagination. I will locate it within the context of the development of the US navy--the development from an illegitimate group that rebelled against the Royal Navy to a national institution heading towards achieving sea power under the President Theodore Roosevelt by the end of the 19th century.
  3. Paul Lyons, University of Hawaii, Manoa
    By juxtaposing early-to-mid nineteenth century U.S. discourses about globalization in and across Oceania—often involving Pacific Islanders--with accounts of travel and settlement by Pacific Islanders, this paper considers intersecting perspectives on nineteenth century globalizing or worlding processes, ways in which peoples saw their worlds as expanding and/or existentially threatened. 
  4. Chad Luck, California State University, San Bernardino
    This paper argues that Herman Melville's final novel, The Confidence-Man, carefully explores the trope of usury--or loaning at exorbitant interest--in order to think through the ways in which textual meaning is generated... and then lost.  Prefiguring Derrida's much later discussion of usury, Melville here proposes a model of meaning-making that crucially links the economic and aesthetic generation of "interest."

PAMLA 2016 Pasadena CA Nov 11-13

Literary Property and "Character" in 19th Century American Culture

 

 

Session Chair: 

Mikayo Sakuma, Wayo Women's University

Time: 

Session 4: Friday 3:30-5:00pm

Location: 

Altadena I

Topic Area: 

Literary Property and "Character" in 19th Century American Culture

Presenters/Papers:

1   The Translated Howl: Lydia Maria Child and the Reformation of Affective Public Speech

Bonnie O'Neill, Mississippi State University

More than engaging in conventional sentimentality, Lydia Maria Child’s appeals to affect in Letters from New-York serve her critique of the hyper-personalism that governs contemporary society and commercial newspaper culture. Transcending conventions of gender performance, Child’s affective model makes individuals’ emotional responses to public matters morally potent.

2  Enfacing and Effacing the Cultural Other: Property and Democracy for Bayard Taylor and William Speiden Jr.

Yukiko Fukase, Jissen Women's University

This paper presents two accounts of the 1853 Opening of Japan by Commodore Perry: first, travel writer Taylor's claim that the representation of the cultural Other in his narrative as “common property” for the Americans, then another witness Speiden's narrative collage of memories characterizing Perry as a persona of democracy.

3  Pequod, Jungfrau, Rose Bud: Melville's Narrative on the Global Seas

Martin W Kevorkian, University of Texas, Austin

In this paper, I propose to read the encounters of Moby-Dick's Chapter 81, "The Pequod meets the Virgin," and Chapter 91, "The Pequod meets the Rose Bud," as nationalistic figurations of Melville's relation to foreign literary productions.  

4. Okakura Kakuzo and the Japanese Court of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Yoshiko Uzawa, Keio University

In this paper we examine the interactions of Kakuzo Okakura, Francis Gardner Curtis, and Ralph Adams Cram in the creation of the Japanese Court during the renewal of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in the 1900s. The three Japonists’ characteristic texts resonate and dissent with each other, creating rich inter-textual meanings when we read the one  one through the other..

 

PAMLA 2012  Seattle University October 19-21

Session Time: 
 Session 4: Saturday 8:30-10:00am
  1. Monroe Doctrine and Dual Representation of America as Island and Continent

    This proposal will discuss the psychological meaning of island in the 19th-century American discourse. Being isolated/far from Europe, the citizens of the new country might have recognized themselves as islanders who took refuge from the old world, the continent. I would like to consider the transformation of American rhetoric of dichotomous representation of island/continent by examining the texts of Thomas Paine, James Monroe, and Herman Melville.

  2. Dark Islands: American Encounters on the Edge of Empire

    This paper will set up islands and island cultures in juxtaposition to the American experiment, forcing the reader to confront contradictions inherent in American political culture, using William Shakespeare’s The Tempest, Herman Melville’s Typee,Omoo, and the early chapters of Moby-Dick, and several short stories of Jack London.

  3. Islands in the Mississippi: A Planetary Reading of The Wild Palms

    This paper attempts to reconsider the significance of New Orleans as a key city in William Faulkner’s enigmatic double novel The Wild Palms (1939). This perspective will enable us to read Faulkner’s The Wild Palms not only as an anecdote in his Deep South Saga Yoknapatawpha Saga, but also as a critical commentary on hardcore American continentalism and as a planetary meditation on the impact of panic on traditional concepts of humanity  and orthodox chrono-cartography. 

  4. Guam, Un-Inc. or; How Some U.S. Islands are Made and UnMade

    Vanessa Warheit's documentary film, "The Insular Empire" (2010), argues for Guam as a neocolonial project of the United States since its acquisition from Spain in 1898. Qualifying the conclusions of Warheit’s film by reading it against Craig Santos Perez's from unincorporated territory, I will suggest that Guamanian and Chamorro complicity and resistance to U.S. neocolonial hegemony has more in common with the postcolonial than the colonial, and that this distinction matters for any future redefinition of its I/land identity.

Session Status: 
 Occurring
Session Type: 
 Special Session

 

What's New

島とアメリカ文学  Islands and American Literature

 

 

What's New!

* 2017年度PAMLA学会のセッション「アメリカ文学1865年以前」の司会をしました。(2017年11月11日)。

 

* 2016年度PAMLA学会のSpecial Sessionへのプロポーザル"Literary Property and "Character" in 19th Century  American Culture"が採択され、11月11日にパネルが開かれます。(2016年11月11日)

 

*2014年2月に行われた国際ポー学会の発表をもとにしたエッセイが Baltimore Post-Examinerに掲載されました。 (2015年5月5日)

http://baltimorepostexaminer.com/edgar-allan-poe-and-isolationism-his-mysterious-years-in-new-york/2015/05/05

 

*メルヴィルの動物表象についての論文がPacific Coast Philologyに掲載されています。2015年5月1日(Project Muse: "Rethinking Cultural Awareness Toward Nature: Oriental Animals in Herman Melville's Clarel")

 

*10月19日から21日まで、アメリカ合衆国シアトルで行われるPAMLA学会で"Islands and American Culture”のセッションを担当します。

 

研究成果をアップしました。